With the coldest weather now behind us and the warmer weather still to come, spring is a beautiful period of rebirth and new growth. Springtime is also the perfect time for homeowners and gardeners across the country to get started on their spring flower gardens so that they may later bloom into lush summer sanctuaries of colour.
Use these 5 steps as your spring flower garden guide to ensure everything is ready for the long hazy lazy days of sunshine to come:
Step 1: Spring cleaning for your garden
Just as cleaning your home is an important step out of winter gloom, plants in your spring flower garden need room to breathe and grow. Start by removing any large debris, like sticks, which may have fallen into your garden during the winter. Follow up by pruning, pulling and cutting back any dead plant material, remembering to cut just above any living branches or stems. Finish your cleanup by gently raking away any smaller debris, taking care not to damage any perennials or plants emerging through the soft ground.
Note: This is also a good time to remove any pesky weeds already invading your spring flower garden.
Step 2: Break up soil
Like all living things, flowers need to breathe too. To give your flowering plants room to grow, air to breathe and a less resistant, hard-packed, path to the sunny surface, break up the soil in areas where you intend to plant. This is also a good opportunity to test your soil to see how fertile and moist your spring flower garden is before planting anything new.
For more information on choosing the best spot for planting, consult our guide on spring gardens for beginners.
Step 3: Add some nutrition
After testing the soil in your planting area, if applicable, add a layer of compost, followed by a layer of fertilizer. Take careful note of what kind of fertilizer you are using, in particular the ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus to potassium. To avoid ‘burning’ flowers, make sure the layer of fertilizer does not make contact with any leaves of the plants. This step is best done right before a rainstorm, which helps distribute and absorb the new nutrients into the soil.
Having a healthy spring flower garden goes best with a healthy green lawn around it. Check out our guide to lawn maintenance in springtime for tips.
Step 4: Start seeds indoors
In order to get a good and healthy start for your flowers, start seeds indoors in areas with lots of sunlight before planting them in your spring flower garden outdoors. This allows you to monitor their growth and allow them to grow strong stems before being left to the mercy of the weather and wind outdoors.
Step 5: Create a flower calendar
In order to make sure your flowers are put in the ground at the right time, and to optimize the amount of blooming flowers at any given time during the growing season, create a spring flower garden calendar. Being organized with a calendar also ensures you do not miss optimal times for planting certain flowers.
For information on growing veggies, check out our guide to planting the perfect vegetable garden.